Which of the following statements best depicts how Greek architecture influenced Roman architects? The Romans adopted the dome form from Greek architecture. Roman architecture, like Greek architecture, frequently used pediments and columns. The Greeks taught the Romans how to utilize concrete. Romans made use of marble which had been transported from Greece to Rome.
The correct answer is: "Roman architecture was based on Greek architecture, but also included its own characteristics." Although many elements used in Roman buildings were derived from Greek design (such as columns and architraves), others were uniquely Roman (such as the dome). The Greeks invented many concepts that would later be adopted by other cultures including democracy, philosophy, and mathematics. However, it was the Romans who actually implemented many of these ideas by creating functioning societies based on them. It is for this reason that historians do not consider Greece and Rome to be true siblings but rather cousins who shared many similarities but also had differences too.
In conclusion, although Greek architecture influenced Roman architecture, the two types of architecture were different enough to become separate entities within early modern Europe. For example, while Greek temples had flat roofs, Roman ones did not.
Greek architecture had a significant impact on the Romans. The Greeks created marble temples to house their gods. The Romans used Greek designs into their own public structures. They eventually learned to employ concrete to build even greater monuments, like as Rome's Pantheon.
In addition to buildings, the Romans also borrowed ideas from the Greeks for their weapons and vehicles. They made some improvements to the design but mostly copied what they saw being done in Greece. One such weapon was the javelin. This Greek invention was adopted by many countries including Italy and France. They called it "Pike" because of its pointed shape.
Another popular Greek weapon was the sword. The Romans took one step further and invented the scythe which is still used today in places like China and Japan. They also modified the sword by adding a blade at the end called a falcata. This made it more effective as a spearhead instead of a knife.
As for vehicles, the Greeks were already using horses for transportation so it wasn't easy for the Romans to copy them. What they did do was use horses to power other vehicles. For example, they used horses' muscles to drive machinery inside factories. This allowed for much larger structures to be built than could be built by humans alone.
Greek and Roman architecture are comparable in that they were influenced by Greek work and created their own styles around it. The Greeks liked the Doric and Ionic orders, whereas the Romans chose the more elaborate Corinthian style. But beyond this, there is little similarity between the buildings of these two very different cultures.
Ancient Greek architecture was mainly built with stone, which was cut to exact measurements and then fitted together without any glue or mortar used in its construction. The stones were often painted black before being put into place. Wooden props were used inside buildings under construction to keep the walls aligned properly.
The roofs were made of wood or marble tiles. There were no real windows as we know them today, just openings called "ostia" (from which we get the word "portal"). These allowed people to pass through safely when entering or leaving a building.
Public buildings such as temples or libraries would have been covered in gold or silver statues and paintings to reflect glory upon the owner or occupant. Private homes were not as richly decorated but would still be nice and warm inside because of large openings in the roof allowing in lots of light and air.
There were no bathrooms in ancient houses or buildings, instead there were toilets located outside in a special area called a "latrine".
Tall columns, elaborate embellishments, symmetry, harmony, and balance are all hallmarks of Greek architecture. The Greeks constructed a wide range of structures. The magnificent temples that the Greeks erected for their gods are the principal examples of Greek architecture that exist today. But they also built large public buildings for the administration of their cities, theaters for entertaining audiences, and houses for themselves. These houses were usually only one story high with an open courtyard in the center. There were no internal walls inside the house, so everyone had access to everything.
The Romans adopted many aspects of Greek architecture, especially regarding the column. But they also developed their own style which combined the European tradition of building in stone with the Arab contribution of building in brick or mortar. This new style is known as Romanesque after its origin in France where it was first seen around 1000 AD. During this time period there were also churches being built in England and Germany that used elements from both the Roman and Greek traditions (such as having a Greek-style dome over a Latin-style nave).
Romanesque spread throughout Europe, including England, where it was used extensively in church building. After the Renaissance began in Italy in the 15th century, new ideas about the beauty of classical antiquity came into vogue again. So Italian architects turned their attention to Romanesque architecture which by then had become outdated and replaced it with something more modern and effective.
Painters and sculptors attempted to emulate the Greeks and Romans' regard for accurate depictions of the human form in their work. Architects examined Greek and Roman ruins for inspiration and to learn how ancient buildings were built. They then put these strategies to use and improved on them. By studying how other people had solved certain construction problems, they were able to come up with new solutions that would have been impossible to imagine without this knowledge.
For example, when builders in Rome could not afford marble, they used limestone instead. The only problem was that it needed special tools and skills to cut into it properly. So the architects of the time came up with a way to use concrete, which is much harder than either stone or wood, as well as cheaper. The concrete used by the Romans was made from gravel, sand, and a lime paste, which was similar to our today's cement. It was this innovation that led to the development of skyscrapers!
Another example is the dome. Domes are very useful because they allow light inside a building while still allowing air to flow through. They also serve as roofs, so they can be used instead of tiles or shingles. But constructing a dome that is strong and stable enough to stand on its own is difficult. So how did the architects of the time solve this problem? They invented a kind of domed structure that is still used today in some Middle Eastern mosques: the pointed arch.
Ancient Greek temples had proportional design, columns, friezes, and pediments, and were generally embellished with relief sculpture. These aspects are what distinguishes ancient Greek architecture. The colonnade is another Ancient Greek architectural form that profoundly affected subsequent architecture. It provided a protected walkway for meetings or storage of goods.
In addition to these features, many other innovations also arose around this time. For example, the arch appears in Greece around 270 BC, but it is not until two centuries later that it is used in large structures. The triglyph and metope are other important early Greek inventions that are adopted by later architects.
The style of Greek architecture produced from about 750 to 500 BC changed little after 530 BC, when the first monumental buildings in Athens were erected. They were designed by Phidias and others and constructed under the direction of Pericles, who wanted magnificent monuments to commemorate the victories of Athens over her enemies.
The most famous of these buildings is the Parthenon, built 438-432 BC. It is regarded as the high point of Classical Greek art and culture. The building of the temple itself was only the beginning; its fame came from its rich sculptural decoration, which included gold and ivory. The interior of the temple was painted red, white, and blue, the traditional colors of Athens, to make it feel more sacred.