The Tomb of I'timad-Ud-Daulah is a masterpiece of Mughal domeless tombs. It is the first edifice in the world to be finished in white marble, marking the shift from red stone to white marble, from Akbar's mausoleum at Sikandra to the Taj Mahal. The tomb was commissioned by the grandson of Akbar, I'timad-Ud-Daula, who died in 1666. It is located about 25 miles (40 km) south of Delhi in Haryana state.
Marble was used because it could be cut as needed and also did not stain like other stones would do over time. The walls of the tomb are covered with plates of white marble attached to each other with sandstone slabs. These plates have symbols and pictures on them; some are even written in gold. At the top is a dome made of copper covered with more plates of marble.
I'timad-Ud-Daulah was only nine years old when he died. His father, Shah Jahan, ordered the construction of this monument as a final tribute to his grandson. The tomb itself is a large square structure surrounded by a wall with eight entrances in the form of large arches.
The Taj Mahal, an enormous mausoleum of white marble erected in Agra between 1631 and 1648 by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in remembrance of his favorite wife, is the gem of Muslim art in India and one of the world's most recognized masterpieces. It is also believed to be built from a mixture of various marbles. The name "Taj Mahal" means "Crowned Queen" in Urdu.
According to historians, the Taj Mahal was constructed from as many as 22 different types of marble, including blue, green, red, and white. But it is the presence of black and yellow stones that make it apparent that some parts were cut from older buildings, perhaps even from destroyed versions of the same monument.
In conclusion, the Taj Mahal is made of white marble with some parts being carved from other materials.
The Taj Mahal, located in Agra, is a white marble mausoleum erected by Shah Jahan between 1632 and 1648 in remembrance of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. It was built by 20,000 workers and portrays the Islamic garden of heaven. It is often recognized as the pinnacle of Mughal architecture. The building takes the form of a perfect square with four equal sides of 120 feet (37 meters). Each side has an arcade of seven arches supported by large piers. The interior has eight chambers, three on each floor surrounded by balconies. The central chamber is octagonal and contains a small shrine where Shah Jahan's body was kept before it was taken for burial.
The construction of the Taj Mahal started in 1632 when Shah Jahan was 25 years old and continued for nearly twenty years. It is believed that during this time he spent about Rs. 7.5 million (or $230 million in 2016 prices) to build his tomb. The actual cost of the project has been estimated at around £20 million ($27 million) or more. In today's money, this would be around $140 million or €110 million.
Shah Jahan was obsessed with making his afterlife happy and successful, so he ordered the creation of this spectacular monument. The architecture is based on the belief that if someone important to you dies, you should try to find a way to continue their life in another place.
The Taj Mahal in Agra, India, was created as a memorial to Shah Jahan's favorite wife, who died in delivery in 1631. The white marble monument, with its expansive gardens, took several years to complete. It is said that it was designed by the artist Shihabuddin, but this cannot be confirmed because his name is not included on the building.
The Taj Mahal has inspired poets and artists over the centuries and continues to do so today. It is one of the most popular tourist attractions in India.
In 2016, it was listed as one of the New 7 wonders of the world.
The Taj Mahal Shah Jahan era architecture is an Indian construction style that thrived under the patronage of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan (reigned 1628-58), with the beautiful mausoleum at Agra, the Taj Mahal, as its greatest achievement. This article focuses on the Taj Mahal, whose name means "Crown Jewel" in Urdu.
Built between 1632 and 1652, over the tomb of his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal, Shah Jahan's dream project was to construct a monument that would not only serve as a memorial to her but also be a reminder for all future generations about the greatness of their love. The construction site was originally owned by the government but was later given to the builder who would receive royal rewards for his work. A team of more than 3,000 workers constructed this huge marble mausoleum using only hand tools for almost 15 years.
The location for the Taj Mahal is just outside Agra city walls, near a river bend where many trees grew. Because of this reason, it has been speculated that Shah Jahan wanted to create a world-class garden here, which is why there are lots of flowers everywhere you look around the monument. But despite the fact that it was not completed until after Shah Jahan's death, experts believe that he had something else in mind when he built this monument.
The Mughal emperor Shah Jahan (who ruled from 1628 to 1658) commissioned it in 1632 to house the grave of his favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal; it also holds Shah Jahan's mausoleum.
|Built for||Mumtaz Mahal|
|Architect||Ustad Ahmad Lahauri|
|Architectural style(s)||Mughal architecture|