The Megaron, a massive rectangular chamber, was one of the palace's most essential elements. The Megaron served as a commercial and trading hub, as well as a throne room for the king—it was also utilized for religious activities. There was a fireplace and four columns around it inside the Megaron. On the exterior, the Megaron had more than 20 stone steps leading up to its entrance.
The Keros was a large building used for storage purposes. It had two rooms: a small antechamber and a large cell-like room. Both the Keros and the Megaron are examples of large buildings that were necessary for the city-state to function properly.
The Loom with which Tyrois is ornamenting her garments is a large wooden frame upon which cloth could be stretched out to dry. It has been suggested that this device may have been used for making clothing; however, evidence of this activity is not known to exist. Today, these frames are still used in many parts of the world for drying clothes.
The Phiale is a small dish used for serving food at royal ceremonies or during prayer meetings. It is usually made of silver but sometimes of gold or wood as well. The phiale is always placed on the altar during worship services.
The Skiritai were a military unit responsible for protecting the borders of the kingdom against invaders from outside sources.
Unlike the Minoans, the core of a Mycenaean palace was a megaron, a vast rectangular hall used for royal activities and social or religious gatherings. The remaining rooms are mostly square, with a fairly geometrical arrangement, indicating a planned construction. Some have suggested that the walls were built first and then the rooms were inserted into them, but this is not certain.
The center of the palace at Pylos in Western Greece was a large open space surrounded by columns to support a roof made of wood and covered with clay tiles. This was probably where meals were held together with guests from all over Greece. There are also reports of games being played here, such as ball games and chieftains' fights. It is even said that musicians might have been placed inside the columns to give music during celebrations.
People went to the center of the palace to see and be seen. In fact, the word "meeting" comes from mykenai, the ancient Greek name for Mycenae. So, the center of a Mycenaean palace was really just a larger version of a Mycenae town meeting!
There were no kitchens in a Mycenaean palace, so food was either brought in or cooked right there in the hall where it was served.
A palace might contain several rooms that are all utilized for the same function, therefore you can distinguish them with features such as the Green Room, the Armoury, and the Hall of a Thousand Mirrors. If it's also where government happens, you may add offices, conference rooms, and possibly a court.
The term "palace" is used broadly these days to describe large houses or apartments, but originally it meant a building designed specifically to protect its inhabitants from the elements. These palaces usually had many rooms and could be anywhere from small to very large.
During ancient times, kings and other wealthy people would need a place to sleep in order to be able to rule their countries during the day. Therefore, they would build large houses with many rooms so they could stay there until it was time to sleep again.
In medieval times, when knights were living in castles, they would need a place to train for battle and learn new skills so they could fight better. For this reason, they would build large halls where they could do this.
Today, most people think of a palace as a huge house with lots of bedrooms and bathrooms, but this is not what they originally intended them to be. A palace should only have one purpose: to protect its occupants from danger. This often required having a lot of space for guards to hide in if an enemy attacked or for prisoners to be held in if a war broke out.