The first one you notice is Jacob van Campen, the Royal Palace's architect and the pioneer of Dutch Classicism. Last but not least is Hendrick de Keyser, who developed his own style: the 16th century Amsterdam Renaissance Style. These three men are responsible for all the famous buildings in Amsterdam!
Classical Dutch architecture is known for its simple geometry, straight lines, and exclusive use of brick or stone as building materials. The style emerged around 1600 and became popular throughout Europe. In America, it was used to build public houses, churches, and universities. Many famous architects contributed to its development including Cornelis Melyn, Jan Beelden, Michel Van der Pijl, and Daniel Stapelbroek.
Amsterdam has more than 100 buildings by these five architects. They are the main attractions for tourists visiting the city. However, only a few of them were built with money earned through business; the others were paid for by private individuals, groups of investors, or institutions such as churches or guilds.
In conclusion, classical Dutch architecture was invented in the Netherlands. It was used widely across Europe and can be found in many cities there.
The Most Important French Architects Le Corbusier is the most well-known French architect, having pioneered the Modern Movement.
Soon after, the architect Jules Hardouin-Mansart, who had been appointed First Architect to the King and Superintendant of Buildings, created the Orangery and simplified the park's contours, particularly by altering or opening up several of the groves. The gardens were a massive undertaking.
The Evolution of Dutch Colonial Houses Despite the name, the Dutch colonial style began in New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Pennsylvania, and Connecticut. The term comes from the fact that when the style was developed in the mid-1700s, these states were occupied by Dutch immigrants. However, it is possible to find examples of colonial styles built before these states became American colonies.
Colonial houses are generally large, two-story structures with high peaked roofs, wide plank floors, and exterior walls made of wood or brick. They have symmetrical floor plans with an entrance on the front (east for summer homes, west for winter ones) and one or more windows on each side. The interior usually includes a large main room with a fireplace, smaller rooms off this main room, and a kitchen at the back. There may be other offices or bedrooms upstairs. Downstairs there might be a dining room, library, or music room.
These houses were often built by wealthy individuals as country estates where they could entertain guests without worrying about noise or inconvenience. In time, small towns grew up around them, and so did schools and churches. Today, many people live in colonial housing, either original houses or replicas, because of their attractive design and historic significance.
There are several types of colonial houses, but the three most common are the saltbox, the dogtrot, and the peppercorn.
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, born on March 27, 1886 in Germany, is widely considered as one of the forefathers of modern architecture, quickening the post-war transition away from traditional ideology of architectural design and building processes.
His influential design philosophy can be seen in many buildings around the world, most notably the German Bauhaus during the Weimar Republic era (1919-1933). Van der Rohe also had a profound impact on interior design, furniture making, and industrial design practices later in his life.
He died in April 1979 at age 91 in Chicago, Illinois.
Modern style was first used to describe contemporary art in the early 20th century by such critics as Roger Fry and Bernard Berenson. In fashion, it became popular among designers in the 1930s, particularly in Europe, who rejected the conventional styles of that time in favor of something new and innovative. These men included Paul Poiret, Jacques Carluccio, and Victor Stieglitz with their respective couture houses; they were often referred to as the "Fathers of Modern Fashion."
During the same period, American fashion also began to evolve into what would become known as modernism.
Amsterdam Centraal/Architects' Pierre Cuypers
The Amsterdam Centraal was built in 1889 and designed by Dutch architect Pierre Cuypers. It has a Gothic and Renaissance Revival station structure as well as a 40-metre-long cast iron platform roof.
Francois Mansart (Chateau de Balleroy, 1626-1636), Pierre Le Muet (Val-de-Grace Church, 1645-1665), Louis Le Vau (Vaux-le-Vicomte, 1657-1661), and particularly Jules Hardouin Mansart and Robert de Cotte, whose work includes the Galerie des Glaces and the Grand Trianon at Versailles (both completed by Louis XIV).
The Baroque style originated in Italy during the early 17th century. It was developed primarily by architects working in the courts of powerful princes and cities, such as Bernini, Borromini, and Caravaggio. The style is characterized by a dramatic increase in size and complexity of buildings, especially churches, with the addition of large amounts of sculpture and decoration.
In France the style first appeared around 1625 with the Chateau de Balleroy built by Mansart. By 1645, Le Muet was employing it in his designs for Val-de-Grâce church in Paris. The term "Baroque" was first used to describe French architecture in about 1670 by the Italian artist Gian Lorenzo Bernini who found many followers in France after he came to Rome to work for Pope Alexander VII.
During the reign of Louis XIV, the Academy of Architecture was founded in France and several leading Baroque architects were invited to teach there including Jules Hardouin-Mansart, son of François Ie Mansart, and Robert de Cotte, brother of Jean Cotte.