Craftspeople resided in one- or two-story flat-roofed mud brick houses. The walls and roof would have been plastered and painted. There was a reception area, a living room, bedrooms, and a cellar where food and beverages were kept. Access to water was via a well or through the use of rainwater collection tanks.
Ancient Egyptian house plans are known from tomb paintings and coffins. They usually consist of two rooms: a smaller receiving room and a larger sleeping chamber. Sometimes there is also a third room called a "study". The sizes of these rooms vary depending on the family who used them. Each household had its own style and color scheme which could be different from their neighbors'. The colors used for decorating the houses include red, white, black, yellow, and green. Paintings of animals, plants, and objects related to daily life provide evidence of how wealthy some families were. In addition to painting, carvings, ceramics, and other decorative materials were used to enhance the interior of the house.
The Egyptians built their houses out of mud bricks that they shaped and dried before putting them into place. The walls and floors would also have been made of stone or wood. Some wealthier people may have had their houses built out of stone instead. The roofs were made of tile, reeds, or wooden planks.
Houses built of mud bricks were used by farmers. Windows were erected high up to provide seclusion while also allowing heat to escape. The flooring were constructed of compacted dirt. Ancient Egyptians made use of the flat land by building fields out of stones that could be worked with simple tools. They also made use of natural ponds for irrigation.
They made weapons from the hardest materials available to them including stone, wood, and sometimes metal. Some common weapons included spears, swords, knives, and axes. Axes were used for cutting trees down or clearing land for farming.
Shields were used as protective measures in battles. They could also be used to block arrows if not removed from the body.
Horses were used for transportation purposes including police work. They were also used to pull chariots in royal ceremonies or battles.
A pharaoh was the ruler of Egypt during its Old Kingdom period. The position was hereditary until the early 20th century BC when it was given up in favor of elected officials.
Egyptian peasants would have lived in small mud-brick houses with only a few items of furniture, such as beds, stools, boxes, and low tables. A cross-section of a typical house in Deir el-workers' Medina's community. This town was home to the laborers who erected the tombs in the Valley of the Kings. The houses were uniformly sized, so that each family had an equal chance of being selected when land was redistributed after a new king took the throne.
In more prosperous households, they would have had wooden or stone houses with some clay or straw mixed with dung used for their walls. These would have had roofs made of wood or reeds but often didn't last long enough for this fact to matter. Peasants would have slept on thin mats on the floor with a blanket or piece of cloth over them at night. They would have had no privacy and would not have been able to escape the attention of police or thieves if they lived in a remote area.
They would have eaten whatever food was available in the region around them. In Egypt, this would have mostly been wheat and barley grown without any chemical pesticides or fertilizers, along with a little meat from animals such as goats and sheep. Fish would have been caught in the Nile River and its many canals and eaten with the hands - there were no forks in use! Dairy products such as milk and cheese would have been rare because it would have been too expensive to keep cows for milk production.
Egyptians built their homes out of mud bricks in ancient times. Brickmakers used wooden molds to form mud into square shapes, which were then dried and hardened in the sun. The bricks for walls and ceilings were often painted red or black.
Decoration on Egyptian buildings was limited mainly to the painting of pictures and designs on the wall surfaces. Sculpture was also used as decoration. Statues and figures were carved from hard stone such as granite, and some are still visible after thousands of years.
The Egyptians made use of natural materials such as flowers, leaves, and even animals skin to decorate their homes. These items were usually kept fresh by being covered in oil or wax and then placed in the window or on a table outside for viewing by passersby.
In conclusion, the Egyptians decorated their homes with pictures and sculptures made from wood, stone, and clay.
People at the bottom of the socioeconomic scale lived in basic one-room abodes with flat roofs, which were used for sleeping on the hottest evenings. Houses typically opened onto open-walled courtyards where animals were housed and food was prepared. Papyrus was used to cover the windows and doors. In wealthier homes, more space was available for living; these dwellings often had separate rooms for eating and cooking, sleeping, and storing possessions.
Houses in ancient Egypt were built primarily from mud bricks that were mixed together and then dried before being carved or molded into shape. The walls might be painted red or white, but most often were left natural brown. The roof was made of clay, although wood and papyrus were also used occasionally.
Household items found in excavated homes include cooking pots, jars, plates, baskets, and toys. Items used by its inhabitants include cutlery, weapons, and personal adornments such as earrings and necklaces.
The Egyptians built their houses in clusters called "nomes." There were originally 23 nomes in all of Egypt, but some have disappeared over time due to desertification while others were created recently through urban development. Within each nome, there were between six and eight villages. Each village had a government official who represented the community to the rest of Egypt.
Villagers would travel to nearby cities when they needed medical care or to sell their crops.
Artisans were a middle-class stratum in Egyptian civilization. They and their families lived in humble quarters. Their dwellings were typically rectangular and no more than 10 yards long. Three rooms ran from the front to the back. The central room served as a bedroom for the family. The other two were used for storage. There was a common courtyard with a well in the center.
They made most of what they needed for daily life, including pots, pans, dishes, knives, forks, spoons, candles, and textiles. Some objects, such as furniture, were imported from outside Egypt. But the majority of materials used by the artisan were found on site: sand for building materials; wood for tools; clay for pottery.
Ancient Egyptians didn't use money per se but rather a system of tokens called "debt." A person who wanted to hire another person would give him or her a token representing the amount being borrowed for one year. If the borrower failed to return the token, the lender had the right to demand repayment from the borrower's family. Banks issued debt in the same way as individuals; the only difference is that banks required some form of security (such as a house) in exchange for loan funds.