Many Chicago residences were designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, a well-known American architect. He has created several structures all around the world, including many in the United States. However, Chicago takes the most pleasure in Lloyd's work because it was in Chicago that Lloyd first began practicing architecture. Two of his best-known buildings are the Unity Temple and the Oak Park Church, both of which are located here.
Other notable architects who have worked in Chicago include Henry Ives Cobb, Daniel Burnham, and Howard Van Doren Shaw. All of these men have had a significant impact on modern architecture.
There are over 60 buildings by Henry Ives Cobb in Chicago. He is considered the father of modern architecture. His works can be found everywhere in Chicago, such as the Art Institute of Chicago and the Museum of Science and Industry. Another famous architect who is from Chicago is Louis Sullivan. He is known for designing beautiful banks such as the Guardian Trust Company Building and the First National Bank of Chicago. His other famous works include the Auditorium Theatre and the New York Hotel. Last but not least, there is one more famous architect who has worked in Chicago is Le Corbusier. He is known for creating simple shapes and organic designs that are easy to build. One of his most famous works is the Chapel of Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary in Gland, Switzerland.
Frank Lloyd Wright, original name Frank Wright, (born June 8, 1867, Richland Center, Wisconsin, United States—died April 9, 1959, Phoenix, Arizona), architect and writer, was a prolifically innovative master of American architecture. He created some of the most influential modern buildings in the world, including the Guggenheim Museum in New York City and the Holly School in Oak Park, Illinois.
Wright developed an early interest in architecture and began designing houses at age 16. After graduating from college he worked as an architectural draftsman before setting up his own office in Chicago in 1889. During his first 30 years or so of practice, he designed more than 50 buildings, mostly homes, schools, and churches, many with Prairie style features. His work attracted attention from around the country and Europe, and he received several awards for his designs. In 1903 he moved to Taliesin, near Spring Green, Wisconsin, where he built himself a house that became an important influence on future American architecture.
Wright's later years were spent traveling and teaching, but he continued to design important buildings, including the Robie House in Chicago (1909) and the Johnson Wax Building in New York City (1935). He also designed two universities: the University of California at Berkeley (1925) and Columbia University in New York City (1938).
In New York City, the Guggenheim Museum, built by American architect Frank Lloyd Wright, opened. The skyscraper violated centuries-old architectural norms, prompting contemporary artists to join a petition against it. The museum was awarded the Nobel Prize for Art.
Wright was an influential figure in the development of modern architecture. His designs changed the way people think about furniture and buildings. He died in Oak Park, Illinois at age 91.
The Guggenheim is one of the most famous museums in the world. It is named after Solomon R. Guggenheim, who donated part of his fortune to build it. The museum has six floors of exhibitions that change every few months. There are also three additional floors containing office space, a bookstore, a cafe, a performance hall, and a research center.
It was built between 1959 and 1964. The site where it stands was once part of a racetrack known as Coney Island Circus Sideshow.
It is estimated to be worth more than $150 million dollars. The current director is Thomas Campbell who took over from Nancy Rubin Friedman in 2001.
Campbell had previously been the deputy director under Nancy Rubin Friedman. Before joining the Guggenheim staff, he worked for several other museums including the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Here are five of the architect's most famous masterpieces, all of which are well worth seeing.