Vitruvius, full name Marcus Vitruvius Pollio, was a Roman architect, engineer, and author of the classic treatise De architectura (On Architecture), which served as a guidebook for Roman architects. The work covers principles of architecture such as materials used, construction techniques, arrangement of rooms, and decorations within buildings.
He was born in about 70 BC, probably at Suessa Pometia (near Castra Regina), which is now near L'Aquila in Italy's Abruzzo region. His father was also named Marcus Vitruvius, and his mother's name was Fabiana. He had a younger brother called Lucius Vitruvius.
When he was about 14 years old, his father died, and he was forced to leave school to help support his family. He later said that this was the cause of his premature death, because he lost the interest in learning when he was young.
He became an architect while still a young man, since there were not many other options available at that time. He probably learned all that he could from books and teachers, and then started building his own designs. Some of these designs have been found written on pieces of wood with drawings, measurements, and comments beside them. This shows that he was very interested in how things worked and wanted to make sure that his designs complied with real-life requirements.
In ancient Rome, Vitruvius Architecture was a highly serious tradition. Vitruvius, Rome's first great architect, published De Architectura in the first century BCE, Rome's first important architectural book. He was probably born around 70 years before Christ and lived until about 15 year after Christ's death.
According to some sources, his name is derived from vitellus, which means "calf" in Latin. This may be a reference to his being born near a market place where calves were sold.
He was a Roman citizen who belonged to the equestrian class. His father was a wealthy man who owned a large farm near Rome and also worked as a notary public. It is possible that Vitruvius' own career as an architect began while he was still a young man, since he refers to having built houses before he wrote his book.
The date of publication of De Architectura is uncertain but it has been suggested that it might have been written between 10 and 7 years after Julius Caesar's assassination in 44 BC. If this is so, it would make Vitruvius at least 30 years old at the time of writing.
It is believed that he died around 15 years after the death of Augustus, who was then living in imperial luxury.
The architect Vitruvius The first extant written work on the subject of architecture is De architectura, published in the early first century AD by the Roman architect Vitruvius. It contains a detailed description of building techniques including masonry, timber framing, and concrete.
Architecture has been an important part of society since its beginning. Architecture shapes our lives; it provides us with shelter and protection, allows us to connect with others, and creates beauty and harmony where there was once only chaos. In ancient Greece, architects were considered sacred servants of the gods who were involved in many rituals and ceremonies until their deaths because they could not be buried like other people. Today, some architects still are treated this way in certain religions such as Christianity and Islam.
During the Middle Ages, architecture became more about construction than art. Monarchs and priests wanted buildings constructed as quickly as possible with as few changes as possible. Therefore, they usually chose builders who worked fast and cheaply rather than artists who made things look nice. During this time, there were no schools where students could learn how to be architects because everyone needed one now! So, masters built houses for themselves and their friends. Sometimes they would even build copies of famous buildings such as castles or temples. Others wrote books about design principles which helped developers later on.
The first extant written work on the subject of architecture is De architectura, published in the early first century AD by the Roman architect Vitruvius. It contains many ideas still applicable today, such as the importance of using local materials and traditional building techniques rather than importing goods from far away or employing large numbers of workers for large-scale projects.
Throughout most of history, architects have been regarded as important people who make things look nice, but not very practical. The first real architects were probably men like Pytheos of Megara or Diocles of Carystus, who around 450 BC to 400 BC designed temples for the Greek city-states. They are now considered the founders of modern architecture.
In Europe, the first true architects may have been the Romans. They were responsible for designing many of the cities we visit today, including Rome itself. The Greeks also had some great minds for architecture, such as Kallikrates and Iktinos. But it was the Romans who developed it into a fine art. They used drawings called plans which showed you how a house or building would look when finished. From these plans you could also see what changes needed to be made during the construction process. This is why modern buildings look much the same as their ancient counterparts: they use this same planning system.
In it, Vitruvius addresses a variety of topics. For one thing, he defined the Greek architectural styles and grouped them into what we now call the Greek orders of architecture. He also discussed techniques for cutting stones, brickmaking, calking, and so forth.
The Ten Books of Architecture are considered the founding text of classical architecture. They were written by Vitruvius around 15BC and soon became popular throughout Europe. The books covered everything from building materials to entire palace plans. They remained important until the Renaissance.
Vitruvius' work is particularly valuable because it's the only surviving text that deals with architecture before Rome's imperial period. His ideas about proportion, harmony, and visibility have been influential in the development of many different types of buildings, from temples to banks.
During the Renaissance, copies of the Ten Books were made and they played an important role in the revival of interest in ancient culture. Today they're still used as a reference book for all aspects of building design.
In addition to the Ten Books, Vitruvius wrote another book called On the Art of Building. It included advice on architecture as well as descriptions of famous buildings such as Pompeii's House of the Faun. This book was also widely read during the Renaissance.
On Architecture is a book on architecture written by the Roman architect and military engineer Marcus Vitruvius Pollio and dedicated to his patron, the emperor Caesar Augustus, as a guide for building projects. The work covers topics such as foundation engineering, materials used in construction, interior design, and planning of buildings.
In it, Vitruvius discusses the principles behind perfect architecture. He also gives advice on how to choose proper materials for different situations and types of buildings. Finally, he provides guidelines for preparing drawings and plans for architects or engineers.
This is only a brief summary. To learn more about this topic, see the full article "How did ancient Romans write about architecture?" from Livescience's blog.