Machu Picchu, like other Inca settlements, follows the sacred architectural pattern of truncated pyramid building. The chambers in the buildings were rectangular with variably sized walls. Their straw-covered roofs were fashioned of wooden logs. The buildings no longer have a roof owing to the passage of time. However, their original shape and size can be estimated from clues such as the presence or absence of stones that served as foundations when they were still inhabited.
Inca builders used wood, stone, and clay to create their structures. But unlike many modern building techniques which improve with time, ancient builders apparently did not have access to advanced tools or materials. So, to protect themselves from the elements they created structural barriers around them. They placed these barrier strips along the borders of their land to prevent people from trespassing on their property or invading their territory.
The Incas built roads across their empire allowing them to provide services to their subjects. These roads were made of crushed rock coated with packed dirt or mud. When it rained heavily the roads would flood causing damage to vehicles. To avoid this problem, the Incas built reservoirs across their territories where they could store water for use during periods of drought. Some reservoirs were so large that they could be seen from space!
In conclusion, the Incas built Machu Picchu because it was a place of solitude where they could escape from the chaos of their world and find peace.
Machu Picchu was constructed in the Inca manner, with polished dry-stone walls. The Intihuatana, the Temple of the Sun, and the Room of the Three Windows are its three main buildings. They are made of stone without any cement between the stones for a smooth surface.
This means that Machu Picchu was built without using mortar to bind the rocks together. The only thing used to connect them is interlacing bamboo shoots which hold the stones in place but also allow water to drain through so they don't become completely solid.
These structures are very impressive because not only do they look like they were built by ancient builders, but they still stand strong today after hundreds of years.
Machu Picchu is an archaeological site that stands as a testament to the technological and engineering knowledge of the Incas. The unique style of architecture as well as its advanced design make it easy to see why this city was once the center of an empire.
The fact that the Incas followed the terrain rather than the customary layout of other ancient Inca capitals is perhaps most notable. Typically, palaces and temples were erected on higher ground. All of the buildings of Machu Picchu are designed in a same style, resulting in a unified whole. No two structures are identical, although they all share many similarities. The Incas built their city at an altitude of about 4000 feet (1220 m) above sea level, on a mountain ridge surrounded by steep cliffs.
Machu Picchu was never attacked nor did it have any kind of defensive system such as walls. However, the location itself must have made it difficult to capture. It is located nearly 800 miles (1300 km) from Cuzco, the capital of the Inca empire, making travel back and forth extremely time-consuming and expensive. Also, there are no good sources of water or food near Machu Picchu that could have helped an invading army survive long term.
In addition, Machu Picchu is well hidden in the mountains. Even today, many travelers do not know it exists. For these reasons, many believe that the city was built as a spiritual center for the Incas far away from any threat of invasion.
However, some researchers think that Machu Picchu was also used as a military fortress. They point out that the path up to the citadel was probably used by soldiers carrying supplies and weapons.
Machu Picchu, located in the Sacred Valley, is an example of the Incas adapting building tactics to the area's geography. While other Pre-Columbian societies built man-made mountains, the Incas focused on the natural geography surrounding them. These include mountain ranges, plateaus, and valleys that provided resources for agriculture and shelter from extreme weather conditions.
In addition to its impressive architecture, what makes Machu Picchu so special is its location: it is surrounded by agricultural lands where crops such as potatoes, quinoa, carrots, and beans were grown. The city was also home to several species of animals including guinea pigs, deer, and birds. However, due to deforestation, most of these animals are no longer found there today.
After the Spanish conquest in 1532, Machu Picchu came under the protection of the Church and not many changes were made to it until 1864 when it became a national monument. Since then, it has been protected against destruction due to its important cultural value.
Machu Picchu can be visited through tour operators who offer trips to the site. These include guided tours which allow visitors to learn about the history and culture of the Incas as well as their relationship with their environment, or independent trips where you make your own way there and back.