Tall structures, as urbanisation increases, give a choice of housing and office possibilities, allowing a city to thrive without increasing its limits or intruding on green space or farmland. Cities around the world are building skyscrapers as part of their efforts to increase their competitiveness by offering a cutting-edge lifestyle to their residents.
The tallest building in the world is currently the Burj Khalifa in Dubai, which is almost 1000 feet (300 m) high. It contains 847 apartments, including those owned by private individuals that can be rented out as well as offices and other amenities for its residents and visitors. The second highest building is the Shanghai Tower at 998 feet (300 m), followed by the Pinnacle Building at 953 feet (290 m). There are plans to build even taller buildings, such as the 520-foot-high (160 m) Kingdom Tower being built in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
There are several reasons why people want to live in tall buildings, including but not limited to: more roomy apartments with better views, shorter commutes to work, and the ability to walk up multiple floors for convenience's sake. Some believe that tall buildings have spiritual properties that help protect people from danger and evil spirits. Others claim that they see colors at the top of tall buildings, while others still praise their view.
Tall structures enhance developers' revenues. The taller a structure rises, however, the more expensive its construction. Tall buildings raise the value of neighboring land, making the preservation of historic structures and inexpensive housing more difficult. They exacerbate inequality in this way. The rich can afford to live in tall buildings, while the poor are forced into cramped quarters.
In addition, they pose a danger to people living or working near their roofs. A building's height increases its mass per square foot, meaning that it can cause severe damage if it falls on someone. A global study conducted by the United Nations found that workers who build these structures have one of the highest rates of death from work-related accidents.
Finally, tall buildings take up a great deal of space. City centers are designed with lower buildings, allowing room for shops and restaurants to spread out beneath them. As we know, this is important for fostering a vibrant downtown community. Preserving these low-rise areas is crucial to preserving our cities' identities and local cultures.
Taller buildings also mean less open space. This is particularly problematic in cities like New York where open spaces are vital to prevent urban sprawl and maintain quality of life. The destruction of these gardens, parks, and beaches for development means that people have less access to fresh air and natural light.
High-rise structures may be utilized to address congestion difficulties and a shortage of development land; nevertheless, towering buildings are sometimes more about power, prestige, and aesthetics than effective growth. High-rises are common in large cities around the world, especially in Asia where they account for nearly half of all office floorspace.
The reason high-rise buildings are so important to urban life is that they provide more housing units per unit of land than low-rise buildings. For example, if you were to build a house for every square foot of office space, the result would be a very dense city with few open spaces. However, if you instead built an office building that was one story high, the resulting structure would be much less dense—there would be only enough room for a few houses or apartments on each floor.
The advantage of high-rise buildings is that they can contain a large number of people in small amounts of space. This is particularly important in cities that struggle with overcrowding. The disadvantage is that they take up a lot of space which could be used for other functions such as parking or green space. In addition, some people dislike the fact that they are surrounded by other people's windows - this feeling is called "window-shopping" and it is considered rude.