An indoor swimming pool appears blue from above because light reflected from the pool's bottom goes through enough water to absorb its red component. The same water in a smaller bucket seems only faintly blue, and close inspection of the water renders it colorless to the human eye. However, much of this reflected light is scattered by particles in the pool water, so that less reaches the pool's surface to be seen.
The average depth of an indoor swimming pool is 0.5 meters (1.6 feet). Water at this depth will reflect about 50% of the incident light from the ceiling. Pools with depths of 1 meter or more will appear nearly black. If the liquid is colored red, then it will appear blue to our eyes.
Blue light has a lower wavelength than red light of equal intensity. When light encounters any kind of medium, some of it is refracted (bent) toward the interior of the medium while the rest passes on undisturbed. Blue light is most strongly bent by the molecules in air and by water molecules. This is why sunlight looks white to us from outside a cloud layer and blue from inside the cloud layer. As light travels through clouds it loses its longer wavelengths, which are most readily absorbed by water vapor molecules. The remaining light is bluer.
Polarization filters can make pools look green or orange.
While the pool's surface will reflect the color of the blue sky, much of the sunlight will penetrate the water's surface and absorb the red, yellow, orange, and green wavelengths of light, giving the pool a blue tint. The deeper the blue, the more sunlight is being absorbed.
The color of swimming pools comes from two sources: pigment and fiber. Sand is used as a filter for most in-ground pools, with the size of the grain determining how fine or coarse the filtration will be. Smaller grains allow faster flow rates and more effective filtering while larger grains require more frequent cleaning. Pools without filters have wooden or metal frames with netting attached to them. This acts as a filter by catching debris such as sand, silt, and other particles that would otherwise enter the pool.
Pools contain two main types of coloring agents: pigments and dyes. Pigments are the natural products from which colors can be derived; examples include blues, reds, and greens. Dyes are synthetic chemicals that give colors to liquids. They differ from pigments in that they cannot be obtained as natural products or derivatives. For example, red cabbage is purple because it contains anthocyanins, which are compounds that give rise to the color red when they occur in plants.
This is due to the fact that the glass of water is too tiny to absorb more red light waves. To view the impact with your eyes, you'd need to gaze through a glass the size of a swimming pool. That much water might absorb a lot of red light, making the water seem blue.
The reason the lake looks blue is because it's all around those little plants and animals that use photosynthesis to capture green light and release oxygen. When they do not get as much sunlight as others, they change what color wave they let through. The other organisms can sense this difference in color and eat only those plants or animals that have more of an absorption rate for green light than they do for red light. This is how the colors of lakes and oceans are blended together into one spectrum.
If you were to go out on a lake with no fish in them, then it would be white because there are more red light waves being released into the water than green. If you were to go out at night, then you would see all kinds of colors because both green and red light waves are being absorbed by something in the water.
Fishes, plants, and other creatures in lakes and oceans use these colors to communicate with each other.
Water looks colorless to the human eye in tiny quantities (e.g., in a glass). Water's hue changes depending on the surrounding environment. While little amounts of water look colorless, pure water has a subtle blue tint that grows darker as the thickness changes. This is because light is refracted by the thin layer of liquid between your eye and the next piece of solid matter. As this layer gets thicker, it forces less light through, so the water appears darker and bluer.
When you add substances to water that are able to absorb certain wavelengths of light, they can change the color that you see. The most common example of this is when you add colored chemicals to water; the molecules of these compounds can absorb certain wavelengths of light, causing them to disappear from view. For example, if you were to mix red food coloring with some tap water, the water would turn pink because it contains no red pigment itself, but rather its color comes from chemical compounds found in foods. If you then put a drop of this pink water under a microscope, you would see that it contains no red particles but rather only small fragments of vegetables and fruits. The same thing happens when you drink impure water: any particles that are harmful for humans such as bacteria, parasites, or toxic metals will be absorbed by these compounds and cause them to disappear from view.
The specific colors that are visible to the human eye are called "visible colors".
The depth of the pool is another aspect that influences water color. The darker the hue, the greater the depth of the pool. A pool with a white plaster finish will be extremely light blue over shallow steps or ledges, and a darker blue over the pool's deepest portion.
The color of the water depends on many factors. As mentioned, color varies by depth. In addition, sunlight filters through the water, causing different colors to appear at different depths. Raindrops falling into the pool from above also influence the color of the water. The droplets reflect light from the sky back down into the pool where it can mix with other reflections to form new colors.
The color of swimming pool water can be an attractive feature of a home. If you want a pool that people will love to look at, then you should consider adding colored lights or decorative balls. These items will make your pool more interesting and add to its appeal.
The color of the water is also related to how healthy it is. Blue-green algae grows in unpalatable water and produces toxins that can cause health problems for humans. Yellow-orange algae does not produce toxins, but it isn't beneficial either. Algae grows so quickly in warm water that it can overwhelm the other organisms in the pool with no benefit to themselves. As long as there are nutrients available in the water, algae will grow rapidly and create a dark color.