To accommodate the Kaufmanns' interested guests, Wright built a guest house on the property in 1939. Fallingwater was a masterwork of Wright's organic architecture ideas, which intended to combine humans, architecture, and environment such that each would benefit from the interaction. The site's natural features were preserved during construction, allowing visitors to imagine what Frank Lloyd Wright might have done with concrete instead.
Fallingwater is considered one of the most important houses in American architecture. It has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places since 1970. In 2004, it was declared a National Historic Landmark.
Wright designed several other buildings besides Fallingwater, but none of them compare in importance to this masterpiece. Fallingwater has been described as "a castle in the woods" and its presence has been noted by many travelers who pass through the area. It is a favorite subject for photographers and has appeared in numerous magazines and books about architecture.
The Kaufmanns were among Wright's earliest clients and they played an important role in promoting his work. They also contributed significantly to the cost of Fallingwater - their investment eventually rose to $100,000 (about $1.5 million in 2006 dollars). When they died in 1948 and 1959, respectively, both families wanted Fallingwater to be preserved so it could be shown to future generations. In 1969, a non-profit organization was formed to maintain and operate Fallingwater.
The house sits on a cliff overlooking the Conococheague River in western Pennsylvania and was designed to be accessible by road but also retreat away from it if desired. The site has excellent views of the valley and river below.
As well as being an important work of modern architecture, Fallingwater has become famous for its natural beauty. The house stands in complete harmony with its surroundings; there are no walls inside or out to divide one area of the property from another. This unique design allows for all parts of the building to be seen from anywhere within the surrounding landscape.
Wright believed that human beings were part of nature and should not be separated from it. He also felt that true art should inspire people to want to create something themselves rather than just admire someone else's work. Thus, he designed his houses to be functional yet beautiful, allowing their owners to feel proud of them while at the same time enjoying the view outside.
Fallingwater has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places since 1970. In 1975, it was declared a National Historic Landmark.
The sound of falling water filled the building that became known as Fallingwater and represents Wright's concept in organic design, an architectural style that stresses the harmonious balance between form and function utilizing nature as its guide. The house was designed by Frank Lloyd Wright for himself and his family, who lived in it for several years before Wright died. It is now owned by a non-profit organization that preserves it for public viewing.
Wright believed that human beings were meant to live in harmony with nature and used this belief as a guide for designing Fallingwater. He also took into account the needs of his family when planning the house. Fallingwater can be seen as a response to the suburban sprawl of Pittsburgh where Wright grew up. The site of the house was selected with care; it is set back from the road behind a screen of trees and falls over 200 feet into a deep valley. The house has been called "America's Most Perfect House" because of its unique design and functional living space. It is now protected as a National Historic Landmark.
Fallingwater was unveiled to the public on March 17, 1964. That same year, Wright published an article titled "Progress: Its Meaning for Architecture" in which he discussed the need for architecture to evolve beyond its traditional role as a monument or reminder of some past event.
Fallingwater is a home created in 1935 for the Kaufmann family, proprietors of Pittsburgh's largest department store, by renowned American architect Frank Lloyd Wright (1867–1959). Fallingwater was designed by Frank Lloyd Wright to rise above the waterfall it is constructed above. It is located near Mill Run, Pennsylvania, about 50 miles west of Pittsburgh.
Wright first saw the site of the house in 1930 and by January 1934 he had completed a design for it. The house was built between 1934 and 1937 by local contractors James Russel and Joseph Allen. They hired Wright as designer but also involved other architects in the planning process. Russel was responsible for organizing the construction crew and overseeing its work while Joe Allen managed the financial side of things.
The house has been praised for its innovative use of natural materials such as wood, stone, and glass. It is considered one of Wright's most beautiful designs. The Kaufmans paid only $25,000 for the house but it cost Wright over $100,000 to design and plan it. However, they received many benefits from its presence on the landscape: privacy, a view, an environment unique to their needs.
Today, the house is owned by the National Park Service and operated as a museum by the Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation. It is open to the public free of charge.
Fallingwater maintains Frank Lloyd Wright's masterwork, as well as the location where it was created, and explains its and their history for current and future generations of the global society. The home is also an important part of the education and interpretation of Wright's work.
Wright designed Fallingwater to be a private residence for himself and his family. But because it was always his intention that this beautiful home be made available to the public for free, he also designed it so that it could be rented out when not needed for owner occupancy. So while the house itself is for sale today, it is actually two houses in one: one that can be bought, and another that can be seen by visitors traveling along the road up to it.
Inside the home are many examples of Wright's unique designs including his use of concrete and glass, his emphasis on natural light, and his belief that architecture should have a functional purpose as well as aesthetic appeal.
Outside, the home's location near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania makes it suitable for outdoor activities such as hiking, biking, and fishing. These types of activities can be enjoyed by the family who lives here now but they also help explain why Wright wanted to build a home in this particular spot: because it was considered to be in the middle of nowhere at the time it was being designed.
It quickly appeared on the covers of Life and Architectural Forum, making it one of the most recognizable residences in the world. Following the construction of Fallingwater's guest house in 1939, a second MoMA show, Frank Lloyd Wright, Architect, debuted. This exhibition brought attention to the young architect from Pennsylvania who had already become one of the leading voices in American architecture.
Fallingwater is also considered by many to be the best example of Wright's early work. The residence features an unusual floor plan with several levels connected by bridges and stairs. It was here that Wright developed some of his most innovative ideas about home design, including "unitized" housing units and the use of concrete as a building material.
Finally, Fallingwater is important for its association with J. Irwin Miller, an industrialist from Pittsburgh who became one of Wright's most generous donors. The two developed a close friendship that lasted until Wright's death in April 1981. Miller played an active role in promoting Wright's work and later hired him to design a museum/research center for steel manufacturing equipment in Butler County, Pennsylvania.
Wright spent more than twenty years designing Fallingwater. He first came up with the idea for a house similar to this one while visiting New York City in the 1930s. Upon returning to Pittsburgh, he began to develop it further with help from his clients.