The Sultan Ahmad Mosque contains a royal chamber in the mosque's south-east corner. This was built specifically for VIP (royal people) and has its own pulpit. The room was added by Sultan Abdülmecid I after his visit to the Royal Palace in St Petersburg, where he saw a church with a similar room.
In America, such a room is often called a "throne room" or "presence chamber". It is here that an American president can be given public acclaim or censure through applause or tears, respectively. A throne remains in this room at all times as a reminder that it is there for any leader to use.
In addition to its symbolic importance, the presence of a throne allows for the convenient display of gifts and offerings from people around the world. Such gifts are usually placed on a low table next to the throne, but they may also be left at the site where they are found wanting if they are valuable enough. In fact, many of these gifts end up in the Topkapi Museum in Istanbul.
There are several other interesting items in the room. There is one large window which looks out over the mosque floor. It is believed that this window was imported from Russia. Also, there is a door which leads outside to a small balcony.
The mosque has a chandelier and a large carpet, but no furnishings. In the Islamic tradition, the inside of the dome is ornamented with shattered forms. On the grounds, there is also a small bookstore and a halal café. The mosque is linked to the Islamic Cultural Centre (ICC), which King George VI formally inaugurated in 1944. The ICC houses a library, classrooms, a research centre, and a museum that focuses on Muslims who have contributed to science and technology.
The Central Mosque was built by Ziya Goknur, a Turkish architect, at a cost of £150,000 ($220,000). It opened in 1969. The building is made of reinforced concrete with a stone façade and a copper-covered dome. The minaret, which can be seen from miles around, is an important landmark for London travelers. It stands at 76 feet high and has 72 spiral steps leading up to its roof where a preacher can deliver a sermon to congregants below.
The Central Mosque was designed to resemble a ship's hull to reflect the origin of many Muslims, who are believed to have been followers of Islam's first prophet, Muhammad. They moved to Europe as refugees from persecution in Asia and Africa.
The Central Mosque welcomes people of all faiths to visit. However, those who want to enter the mosque must do so through the ICC, which operates as a separate organization.
The mosque is divided into two sections: a big united prayer hall topped by the main dome and an equally large courtyard. Unlike earlier imperial mosques in Istanbul, the outside stone walls are broken up by many windows and a blind arcade. The complex also includes a library, a museum, a pool, and more.
Nowadays, everything inside the mosque is closed to visitors because it's used for religious ceremonies. However, you can walk around its outer perimeter.
The name "Blue Mosque" comes from the color of the highly decorated interior walls and ceilings. They're made of polychrome marble with blue, red, and gold accents. There are several representations of the Islamic holy book, the Qur'an, scattered across the building. One example is on the ceiling of the main prayer hall where artists have painted lines linking each letter of the text together like a code. This was done as a reminder to worshipers not to look down when they are praying.
Architect Sinan has been called the Michaelangelo of Turkey because of his use of marble and bronze in his designs. But unlike Michelangelo who spent a lot of time arguing with his patrons, Sinan's projects were always fully funded by the Ottoman sultans.
Sinan was born in 1513 in what is now Bulgaria.
The London Central Mosque is a mosque in London, United Kingdom, in Regent's Park. Sir Frederick Gibberd designed it, and it was finished in 1977, with a distinctive golden dome. Over 5,000 worshipers may be accommodated in the main hall, with ladies worshiping on a balcony overlooking the hall. An additional 1,500 people can be seated in the park outside.
The London Central Mosque was built to replace a smaller mosque that had been destroyed by fire in 1975. Before then, Muslims were able to pray indoors at the International Centre, but after the new mosque was completed, this facility was no longer needed. The building is owned by the London Muslim Centre, which also runs a school and a social services agency in nearby Southwark.
The London Central Mosque has become a symbol of unity for Muslims in Britain. It is open daily for prayers from around 05:30 to 19:00, except during religious holidays when it closes earlier.
There are about 600,000 Muslims living in England and Wales. This number is growing rapidly as more immigrants from Muslim-majority countries come to Britain.
Muslims account for about 0.5% of the UK population. However, since 9/11 most people believe that there are too many violent extremists in the world so Islam should not be allowed to grow beyond its current size of 500 million. There are approximately 2 million Muslims in Europe, out of a total population of 500 million.
A mosque prayer hall (musalla) is a barren chamber with carpets or rugs covering it. There are no pews, so everyone sits on the floor. There may be a few chairs provided for elderly or handicapped members of the community. Except for copies of the Quran, which may be seen on bookshelves along the walls, there are no religious artefacts in the prayer area. The only decoration is usually a single lamp or candle.
In a large mosque, the musalla can be found on the first floor or higher. It usually has one door that leads out to the yard or garden where the mosque's other facilities are located. The musalla is used for prayers during weekly Muslim services and at certain times of the year. During these periods, anyone who wishes to pray may do so in this room.
Prayer mats are placed in front of each person sitting in the musalla so that their feet face towards Mecca. A person praying enters the musalla through the middle gate (ajar), goes down an aisle between the rows of mats, and stands in front of the last mat he or she comes to. When finished, a person leaves by walking past the first mat and going out the far side (kafir).
Each week, before prayers begin, the Imam walks through the musalla reading from the Quran. He stops at each mat and asks those present if they have any questions or concerns they want addressed during the prayer.