Ancient Roman architecture was important in the formation of the Roman empire because it helped to solidify the imagination of Rome's inhabitants as well as the intimidation of Rome's enemies through systematic and unifying structures such as the balance of the columns and the social scene of the Roman baths.
In addition, ancient Roman architects used their buildings as propaganda tools to promote themselves or their clients. For example, a wealthy individual might commission an impressive building project as a display of his wealth or power. The emperor Augustus built many projects to enhance the city of Rome itself, including public works programs, roads, and aqueducts.
Finally, architectural designs were taken back to their source for inspiration. Many ancient writers mention going to see new buildings when they traveled, which probably included visiting architects to get ideas for your own projects.
Rome was founded on a swamp called "Herculaneum" which is why most of its early buildings were made of wood. As Rome grew bigger and needed more permanent buildings, stone became available again for construction. Some people think that Romans built using stone because they believed it had magical properties; others say it was because there were more efficient ways to transport and use stone than wood.
During the late Republic and early Empire periods, many famous architects contributed to the development of Rome's urban landscape. Some built with their names attached to the front of the house while others used anonymous contractors.
Greek architecture had a significant impact on the Romans. The Greeks created marble temples to house their gods. The Romans used Greek designs into their own public structures. They eventually learned to employ concrete to build even greater monuments, like as Rome's Pantheon.
In addition to buildings, the Romans also borrowed some other aspects of Greek culture. For example, they adopted Greek methods of education and trained many teachers who went on to work in Roman schools. Also, some scholars believe that Romeo may have been inspired by a character in a Greek play when he wrote about a young man named Romeo who was in love with a woman named Juliet. Finally, it is known that Cicero read Plato's Dialogues in Greek, because that is how much of his work has survived.
However, there are also theories about similarities between Italian city-states before the rise of Rome and Greek colonies after the fall of Rome. This means that some people think that Greek influences on the Italians could have taken place long after Greece had fallen to Rome.
In conclusion, Greek culture had a profound effect on the Romans. Although they built their own culture over time, they often adapted Greek ideas and techniques into their own systems of government and society.
Ancient Roman Building: History for Kids describes how the Romans built their famed architecture by borrowing from the Greeks. Ancient Roman Art and Architecture: Scholastic demonstrates how ancient Roman art and architecture affected each other. The book includes a map of ancient Rome and detailed illustrations of important buildings such as the Colosseum.
The arch, vault, and dome were key architectural and engineering triumphs of the Romans. They also employed concrete to construct massive structures. The stadium and triumphal arch were created by the Romans. They were also skilled in building roads, bridges, and aqueducts.
Stadium: This was a Greek idea used by several cities during the Roman era. It consisted of a running track with stands for spectators. The largest Roman stadium was in Rome where it was used for athletic competitions and public events. It could hold 100,000 people.
Triumphal arch: This is an architectural element placed at the end of a long road leading up to it. It is used to mark the victory of a ruler or city over its opponents. There are three types of triumphal arches: plain, decorated, and paired. The plain arch has no ornamentation on its surface. The decorated arch has stuccowork carved into its surface showing figures, plants, or other designs. The third type, the paired arch, has two identical arches set one above the other. Each half of the pair would have a door opening onto the roadway connecting them. People would enter the upper arch and exit through the lower one. The first recorded use of the term "triumphal" for an arch was in 1598. Before then it meant something different-a gate, window, or passage way opening onto a road.