Why was the Parthenon built for Athena?

Why was the Parthenon built for Athena?

Work on the Parthenon, which was erected on the Acropolis, began in 447 BC to replace an ancient temple that had been demolished by the Persians in 480 BC and cost 469 silver talents to construct. It was dedicated to Athena, as were other buildings on the Acropolis, to praise the Goddess for their accomplishment....

What’s the difference between the Pantheon and the Parthenon?

While both were constructed to honor gods, the Parthenon was constructed to honor Athena while the Pantheon was constructed to honor all Greek gods. The Parthenon in Athens, Greece, was constructed between 447 and 432 B.C.E. in the aftermath of the Persian Wars to commemorate the Greek triumph over the Persians. It is best known for its magnificent sculpture gallery which included parts of the Nike (Victory) statue that stands today in the British Museum.

The Pantheon in Rome was built in 27 B.C.E. as a temple to all the gods of Rome. Over time it was used by the Christians as a place of worship after they became the official religion of the empire. In 383 C.E. it was destroyed by order of the emperor Valentinian III but it was rebuilt within a few years. This Roman temple was the most prestigious building in ancient Europe and it is estimated that there were up to 1,500 people working on it at any one time. It has been called the largest single structure built with brick and stone techniques during the ancient world--larger even than the Great Wall of China.

Both buildings are examples of large-scale architecture designed to impress visitors with their size and strength. But they are very different from each other: the Parthenon was intended to honor a particular goddess while the Pantheon was intended to honor all gods together.

What was the most important Greek building?

The Acropolis of Athens The Parthenon is regarded as the most important remaining classical Greek structure and the pinnacle of Doric Order architecture. It is a former temple dedicated to Athena, the patron goddess of Athens, on the Athenian Acropolis. The Parthenon's construction began in 447 BCE, during the height of the Athenian Empire. It was completed in 432 BCE, only nine years after it was started. The scale of the building is such that it could be used indefinitely as a house of worship; it was originally designed as a monument to honor the goddess Athena.

Other significant ancient buildings include the Temple of Zeus at Olympia, the Odeon of Herodes Atticus in Athens, and the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus.

In modern times, the list of important Greek buildings includes several museums, such as the Benaki Museum in Athens, which exhibits fine examples of Ancient Greek art.

The museum also has one of the best collections of Rodin sculptures in the world. Other notable museums include the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in New York City, which has many famous works by Picasso, and the Pirelli Calendar Museum in Milan, which contains one of the largest collections of photographs from the magazine.

Overall, then, Greece is known for its remarkable collection of monuments and museums.

What famous Greek building was dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena?

Parthenon The Parthenon is a temple that tops the Acropolis hill in Athens. It was dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena Parthenos and was erected in the mid-5th century bce ("Athena the Virgin"). The word "parthenon" means "virgin's tower" in Greek.

The Athenian empire was the most powerful in the Mediterranean at its peak in the 4th century bce, but it also had its drawbacks: expensive wars, economic problems, and corruption within the government system. To pay for all this outlay, the Athenians created a currency called drachmae. These coins were made of silver and often included a portrait of the goddess Athena on one side and an inscription describing the coin's maker and value on the other.

Athens' power began to wane after 425 bce, when the Peloponnesian War broke out between Sparta and Athens. This war lasted for eight years and ended with Sparta winning control of mainland Greece. In 322 bce, however, Athens defeated her enemy again, this time at the Battle of Aegospotami. This victory restored Athenian power and resulted in the creation of a new empire where each city-state became independent but still paid taxes to Athens. As part of this agreement, each city-state was allowed to keep its own culture and language.

What hill in Athens does the Parthenon stand on?

The Parthenon is a temple that stands atop the Acropolis hill in Athens. The building is an impressive monument, measuring about 40 meters (130 feet) long and 20 meters (65 feet) wide. The cella, or inner room, which holds the statue of Athena, is about 5 meters (16 feet) high and 4.5 meters (15 feet) wide.

The architectural style is known as "Ionic" after the Ionians, a people group from Asia Minor who introduced this style of architecture into Greece. The Parthenon's design is based on that of the Temple of Apollo at Delphi. Like the Delphic temple, the walls of the cella are covered with sculptures.

The building was burned down during the Byzantine wars against the Ottoman Turks and wasn't restored until after 1762 when George III of Greece donated money for its reconstruction. Today, it remains one of the most important monuments in Athens and attracts many visitors every year.

Why was the Parthenon built?

The Parthenon is part of Athens' Acropolis in Athens, Greece. The Parthenon was primarily built as a temple for the Goddess Athena, who was the primary deity worshiped by Athenians. The building's construction began in 447 BCE and continued until 438 BCE. It was completed in 432 BCE.

The architects were Ictinus and Callicrates. They were both from the island of Aegina. The sculptors were Phidias and Pheidias. They were also both from Aegina. The painters were Paul and Apelles. They were both from Alexandria in Egypt. The metalworker was Lysippus. He was from Syracuse in Sicily.

The builders were Athenian citizens who were selected by lottery. If you won, you got to work on the project. If you lost, you got another chance later. In total, about 1,000 people may have worked on the project over the course of several years.

The purpose of the building was to house the ceremonial robes of Athena that had been taken from the original site on Mount Olympus when Athens defeated Sparta in 431 BCE. These robes were meant to be displayed in case of war or other disasters. But since there had been no wars for almost 20 years, they weren't used anymore. So the builders left them inside the temple walls as an act of respect.

About Article Author

Francis Adams

Francis Adams has been a general contractor for most of his career, which has given him a lot of experience in different areas of construction. His love for building things led him from being an intern to a president of a construction company.

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